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Ljubljana's façades and monuments

The buildings' façades and monuments in the old city centre of Ljubljana reflect styles from various periods of history combined in a unique way.

  • Description

    • Medieval traces and baroque features

      In the Middle Ages, the centre of Ljubljana was based around three squares at the foot of Ljubljana Castle: the Old Square, the Town Square and the Upper Square. The three squares were three separate parts of medieval Ljubljana, partly separated by town walls. The medieval design of the area is still notable.


      After the great earthquake of 1511, Ljubljana was rebuilt in baroque style, as witnessed by most of the city's famous churches, the Town Hall, several fountains and a number of other monuments. The jewel in the crown of baroque art in Ljubljana are the works by the Venetian-born sculptor Francesco Robba, the most famous being The Fountain of Three Carniolan Rivers.

      Art Nouveau Ljubljana

      In 1895, the city suffered another massive earthquake. In its aftermath, several new streets and a large number of buildings were constructed in the Art Nouveau style. The first major example of the style was the Dragon Bridge, built in 1901.


      The majority of Ljubljana's Art Nouveau buildings were constructed in the first decade of the 20th century alongside the Miklošičeva ulica street, between the old city centre and the railway station. Several fine examples of Art Nouveau architecture can also be found in towns in Ljubljana's surrounding area.

      From Jože Plečnik's to present day architecture

      In the period between the two World Wars, the architect Jože Plečnik, with his unique urban plans, brought about the reconciliation between the Latin Baroque and Germanic Art Nouveau in Ljubljana. Apart from beautiful bridges and embankments, he created a large number of exquisite buildings, notably the National and University Library, the Križanke Summer Theatre, the Ljubljana Central Market, and the Žale cemetery complex.

      At the time, the modern architecture in Ljubljana was exemplified by the famous Skyscraper, built by the architect Vladimir Šubic in 1933 on the model of American skyscrapers. After the Second World War, it was architects who studied under Plečnik that put their stamp on the city by creating works such as the Trg republike square and its surrounding buildings and the Museum of Modern Art. Today, Ljubljana's historical appearance is being complemented by creations by renowned contemporary architects such as Boris Podrecca, Jurij Sadar, Boštjan Vuga and several others.

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