Due to Ljubljana's rich and unique artistic and historical heritage, visiting its museums is quite an experience. The offer is rounded up by a number of smaller museums, galleries, and art places, where there is always something happening.

National Museum of Slovenia

Being Slovenia's main museum of national history, the National Museum keeps a number of finds from Slovenia considered to be important treasures of the world's cultural heritage. One of the most outstanding is the 60,000-year-old Neanderthal flute from the Divje Babe excavation site. The flute is possibly the world's oldest known musical instrument.

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City Museum of Ljubljana

The museum holds Ljubljana’s cultural heritage that ranges from the 4,500-year-old prehistoric pile-dwelling settlement to the present-day charming capital of Slovenia. Its collection comprises over 200,000 museum objects accounting for several millennia of the Ljubljana region’s heritage. The museum is especially proud of the two findings, the world’s oldest wooden wheel with a wooden axle and a wooden point around 40.000 years old.

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Slovenian Museum of Natural History

Apart from temporary exhibitions, Slovenia's main museum of natural history features the famous Zois Mineral Collection, Hohenwart Molluscan Shell Collection, Ferdinand J. Schmidt Insect Collection, and various herbarium collections. Visitors to the Museum can also view a presentation of Proteus anguinus, dioramas of alpine, wetland and forest wildlife, an almost complete mammoth skeleton and a collection of reptiles, fishes and various vertebrate skeletons.

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Slovene Ethnographic Museum

The Slovene Ethnographic Museum is the country's foremost ethnological museum responsible for the keeping, preservation, study and comprehension of collections of artefacts related to Slovenian and non-European material, social and spiritual culture. Exhibited artefacts and museum activities cover both material cultural heritage related to everyday and ceremonial life and the intangible heritage of knowledge, values, skills, wisdom and creativity.

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Museum of Modern Art (MG)

The Ljubljana Museum of Modern Art is dedicated to modern art in Slovenia. Apart from housing a permanent collection of 20th-century Slovenian art, it hosts temporary exhibitions presenting new artistic practices. It serves as one of the venues for the International Biennial of Graphic Arts, held in Ljubljana every odd year. The Museum of Modern Art is also a documentation, study, research and education centre providing a platform for debate and bringing art closer to the general public.

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The Museum of Contemporary Art Metelkova (MSUM)

MSUM Dejan Habicht Matija Pavlovec
© Dejan Habicht, Matija Pavlovec

The Museum of Contemporary Art Metelkova (MSUM) displays selected works of contemporary art from the Arteast 2000+ international collection and the MG+MSUM national collection. The museum has an extensive library containing 66,000 books, exhibition catalogues, and professional journals and newspapers on the subject of contemporary art.

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City Art Gallery (MGML)

City Art Museum runs its own and hosts travelling exhibitions of work by Slovenian and foreign artists of different fine art disciplines. The Museum's exhibition programme is not limited to the European cultural area but reaches out into the global cultural space.

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Railway Museum

The Railway Museum, managed by the Slovenian Railways, is a unique place where you can learn how railways actually work. The museum contains a collection of steam locomotives, which includes several rare models, and an extensive related to railways.

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Union Experience (Brewery Museum)

Brewery museum photo Nea Culpa
© Nea Culpa

The setting up of the Brewery Museum at Ljubljana's Pivovarna Union brewery in 1986 was an important contribution to the conservation of the city's technical heritage. Visit the museum, see its collection, displayed across more than 600 square meters of exhibition space, and learn about the history and tradition of beer brewing in Slovenia.

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Permanent exhibition of Slovenian History

Slovenian History, Ljubljana Castle's permanent exhibition, shows the dynamic history of Slovenia and Ljubljana. Slovenian territory, lying at the junction of natural routes between the Alps, the Adriatic Sea and the Pannonian Plain, has been the point of convergence of different peoples and cultures since prehistory. The exhibition covers the Slovenian history from the earliest traces of human presence (200,000 BC) to the landmark events following Slovenia's independence in 1991.

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Museum of Illusions

The Museum of Illusion in Ljubljana brings you a space suitable both for social and entertaining tours into the world of illusions which has delighted all generations. It’s a perfect place for new experiences and fun with friends and family and it’s unique in this part of Europe. Not only is it a place for children who adore coming, but also a place for parents, couples, grandmothers and grandfathers.

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Cukrarna Gallery

The newly opened Cukrarna Gallery is inhabiting a renovated space of an old sugar refinery. The building has a vivid history, which is also linked to Slovenian cultural heritage. The aim of the space is to become the contemporary cultural hub all while respecting the building’s past.

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Discover more museums in and around Ljubljana.

Best way to visit museums and galleries, as well as other attractions, is by using Ljubljana Card - a combined ticket to Ljubljana's major sights enabling visitors to explore the city in a comfortable way and at the lowest cost.