Trg republike (Republic Square) with the Slovenian Parliament building is the political centre of Slovenia and the centre of modern Ljubljana. It was built in 1960 to a design by the architect Edvard Ravnikar on a site previously occupied by the vast gardens of the nearby Ursuline Monastery. A large platform intended for public gatherings, where Slovenian independence was announced on 25 June 1991, was built in the centre of the square and surrounded by the Slovenian Parliament building, the tall TR3 and Ljubljanska banka office buildings, the Cankarjev dom cultural and congress centre and the Maximarket department store. All of them, except the Parliament, were designed by Edvard Ravnikar. Several monuments were erected at the edge of the square, the largest being Drago Tršar's Monument to Revolution (Spomenik Revolucije), unveiled in 1975.
Trg republike square in Roman times
The Roman artefacts excavated from the Trg republike site are kept at the City Museum of Ljubljana.
During the construction of an underground shopping arcade and a car park in 1962, a large segment of the northern town wall of the Roman Emona and the remains of four large Roman buildings were discovered on the site of the square.
During the excavations, several walls measuring over 4 metres high were found there. Parts of a wall are preserved at the eastern end of the Maximarket underground shopping arcade. The sites of the present Cankarjev dom cultural and congress centre and the TR3 and Ljubljanska banka office buildings were formerly occupied by four large Roman buildings. The most interesting archaeological remains were found in the ruins of the so called Insula No. 30, a multi-storey residential building originating from the 1st century AD.
One of the most important of the artefacts is the treasure trove of coins originating from the middle of the 1st century AD, the period following the rule of Nero. The treasure trove consists of an earthen pot with 31 silver and 16 bronze coins and a gold coin minted during Nero's early reign. Another important find is an altar to Jupiter excavated from the ruins of Insula No. 30, built in the first half of the 3rd century AD by Fructuosus, a court slave who managed the financial affairs related to imperial property on the territory of Emona. The site of the former altar is now occupied by the Ljubljanska banka office building.